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Canadian Coat of Arms meaning

Happy Canada Day.

We are going for breakfast in the admin grounds and looking forward to a good day. What are you doing?.

I thought you might find the Canadian Coat of Arms pullover, from Graham Howard, of interest. There are 110,000 stitches in the coat of arms.
Canadian Coat of Arms pullover
Let me know if you like it.

The Confederation of Canada was created by an Act of the British Parliament and given Royal Assent by Queen Victoria. Each of the four founding provinces (Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick) was then granted arms by Royal Warrant on May 6, 1868.

The present design of the arms of Canada was drawn by Cathy Bursey-Sabourin, Fraser Herald and was approved by H.M. the Queen, on the advice of the Prime Minister of Canada, on July 12, 1994.

The Canadian coat of arms is full of meaning and symbolism.

Some distinct parts to the coat of arms are:-

1.The design of the arms of Canada reflects the royal symbols of Great Britain and France (the three royal lions of England, the royal lion of Scotland, the royal fleurs-de-lis of France and the royal Irish harp of Tara. On the bottom portion of the shield is a sprig of three Canadian maple leaves representative of Canadians of all origins.

2.The first quarter consists of the three gold lions of England walking and shown full face, on a red background. The lion is the oldest device known in heraldry and, as “king of beasts”, was adopted by kings of Leon, Norway and Denmark as their emblem. However, the origin of the three royal lions of England still remains a mystery.

3.The second quarter consists of a red lion rearing on the left hind foot, within a red double border with fleurs-de-lis, on a gold background. The royal lion of Scotland was probably first used by King William, who was known as “the lion”. However it was certainly used by his son, Alexander III, who made Scotland an independent nation.

4.The ribbon contains the motto of the Order of Canada: “Desiderantes Meliorem Patriam”. (They desire a better country).

5.On the royal helmet is the crest. This symbol consists of a wreath or ring of twisted white and red silk on which stands a crowned gold lion holding in its right paw a red maple leaf. The lion is a symbol of valour and courage.

6.The figures that stand on either side of the shield are known in heraldry as “supporters” and are often depicted in a ferocious manner. Canada adopted a lion on the shield’s left holding a gold pointed silver lance from which flies the Royal Union flag, and a unicorn with gold horn, mane and hoofs, on the shield’s right. Around its neck is a gold and chained coronet of crosses and fleurs-de-lis. The unicorn holds a lance flying a banner of royalist France, namely three gold fleurs-de-lis, on a blue background. The two banners represent the two principal founding nations that had established Canada’s most enduring laws and customs.

7.Canada’s motto “A Mari usque ad Mare” (From sea to sea) is based on biblical scripture: “He shall have dominion from sea to sea and from the river unto the ends of the earth (From Sea to sea) – Psalm 72:8?.

8.At the base of the arms are the floral emblems associated with the Canadian Monarchy: the English rose, the Scottish thistle, the French fleur-de-lis and the Irish shamrock.

9.On top of the “achievement of the arms of Canada” is the imperial crown which is indicative of the presence of a monarch as Canada’s Head of State.

For more information go to the The Canadian Heritage site. or click here for some a pdf file of information on the meaning of the symbols in the coat of arms.

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